Heart Attack Cause and Prevention

31 Jan 2018 39

Heart attack is very sever disease that damages heart muscle. Heart attack is also called myocardial infarction (MI), mayo means muscles, cardial refers to the heart and infraction means death or damage of tissue due to lack of blood supply.

What Happens during Heart Attack: 

What Happens During Heart Attack:

> During heart attack heart muscle loses blood supply due to blockage.

> The blood supply usually lost the coronary artery that supply blood to the heart, has a blood clot that cause blockage.

> If some of the heart muscle dies that person may experience chest pain.

> The heart muscle that loses blood, heals by forming scar tissue. This healing process often takes several weeks.

> However, the damaged part of heart become weaker and will not pump much blood as earlier.

> With regular treatment and exercise, further damaged can be prevented.

Heart Attack Symptoms:

> Discomfort

> Pressure

> Coughing

> Chest pain

> Vomiting or dizziness

> Irregular heart beats

> A feeling of fear that your life is will end soon.

> Nausea

> Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath

What Should I Do if I Face a Heart Attack?

After a heart attack, rapid treatment to open the blocked artery is necessary to reduce the amount of damage. At the first signs of a heart attack, call for emergency treatment. The better time to treat a heart attack is within 1-2 hours of the first onset of symptoms. If you wait longer it will raise the damage to your heart and reduces your possibility of survival.


Notify one thing,  that chest pain can be described in many ways. It can happen in the chest or in the arms, back, or jaw. If you are facing these symptoms, take notice. These are your heart attack warning signals. Try to find medical care without delay.

How to Diagnose Heart Attack:

To diagnose a heart disease, an emergency care team will inquire you about your symptoms and starts you tests. The diagnosis of the heart attack will base on your symptoms and test reports. The main objective of treatment is to treat you speedily and reduce heart muscle damage.



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Basic Test to Diagnose Heart Attack:


The ECG (also known as EKG) can inform how much damage has occurred to your heart muscle and where it has occurred. In addition, your heart rate and heart beat can be checked.

Blood tests

 Blood may be a monitor to measure levels of cardiac enzymes that specify heart muscle damage. These enzymes are usually found inside the cells of your heart and are required for their function. When your heart muscle cells are damaged, enzymes are released into your bloodstream. By checking the levels of these enzymes, the doctor can find out the size of the heart attack and approximately when the heart attack started. Troponin levels will also be calculated. Troponins are proteins find inside of heart cells that are released when they are injured by the lack of blood supply to the heart.


Echocardiography is an imaging test that can be check during and after a heart attack to monitor how the heart is pumping and what areas are not pumping. The "echo" can also inform if any structures of the heart (valves, septum) have been damaged throughout the heart attack.

Cardiac Catheterization

 Cardiac Catheterization is also called cardiac cath, that may be checked during the first hours of a heart attack if medicines are not curing the ischemia or symptoms. The cardiac cath can be used to directly investigate the blocked artery and support your doctor to examine which procedure is necessary to cure the blockage. 

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