Cursed Wonder of Subcontinent - Koh-i-Noor The Diamond that Brought Doom
1 - Curse of the Fabled Koh-i-Noor Diamond
There is one thing about Kohi – Noor the diamond of legend! For a hard lump of carbon, this light piece carries more weight than most of the precious jewelry of the modern world. This specially crafted diamond is said to influence those who hold it. It seemed as if magic was used in crafting this diamond, only if there was real magic. The Kohi-Noor translates to “Mountain of Light” in English.
One of the most interesting facts about Kohi-Noor is that it was the possession of so many families. The real owner is unknown since it has been claimed as a right by many nations. However, the current custody is being kept by the British. When the British invaded the subcontinent, they took it to their land of London as a spoil of war. It was now one of the most traveled wonders of the subcontinent.
1.1 - Origin of the Legendary Diamond:
For a diamond, this one has sure seen its share of history. It is known to be as old as 5000 years ago. The royal families have been claiming this legendary diamond as their own for as long as 3000 years. No one knows the complete backstory of Kohi-Noor. There is much confusion. Historians have gone as far as claiming that certain places where Kohi-Noor was mentioned experienced some errors in recording history. Many other historical gems were mistaken with this diamond. The correct date which they can relate to its discovery is 1200 CEs.
1.2 - Origin of Koh-i-Noor Diamond in Indian Mine:
The origin of this legend is said to have emerged from a mine called, “Kollur Mine”. A dynasty called Kakatiya Dynasty ruled over Southern India. This dynasty also owned the mine. It was from this mine that this jewel was discovered. This discovery would later lead to countless conflicts and claims which would arise for simply owning a piece of stone.
1.3 - Property of Kakatiya Dynasty:
Following the year 1310, the Kakatiya Dynasty was attacked by the Khilji Dynasty of Delhi Kingdom. Khilji Dynasty was victorious, delivering a pulverizing defeat to the Kakatiya Dynasty. The ruler of Kakatiya was forced to send tribute to victor for avoiding any further trouble. He sent a large tribute of about a hundred elephants, 20,000 horses along with the prized diamond of Kohi-Noor. It is predicted that the diamond was a good luck charm. As it was given away, the diamond also took all the good luck of the Kakatiya dynasty with itself. The dynasty’s whole kingdom fell after 13 years. It seemed to have created a lot of legends in the dynasty in its 100 years of possession.
1.4 - New Property of the Khilji Dynasty:
The Khilji Dynasty didn’t own the diamond of legend for too long. The rival clan was targeting their dynasty when it attacked them. The Tughlaq clan finally overthrew the Khilji overlords. They would later become the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. It is further stated that Delhi Sultanate was further ruled by the upcoming five clans. Each one held possession of the light of the mountain. However, none was able to hold it for too long. The stone would later become the property of a famous Mughal Emperor who actually commenced the tradition of spreading various fables related to Kohi-Noor. This Kohi-Noor diamond of Subcontinent is one of the most cherished legends thanks to him.
2 - Diamond of Babur
The diamond became the property of a royal family prince Babur ruling over the area which is now called Uzbekistan. Babur, the famous Mughal Emperor defeated Northern India and took hold of the Delhi Sultanate. With this land conquered, the diamond automatically became the property of its new ruler, the Mughal Emperor, Babur.
It is said the family of Babur held its possession for about 200 plus years. All these years were devoid of peaceful rule or so is written in history. It is clear that the diamond had some effect on his empire. Whether it was a mystical effect or a purely political one, the impact was a huge one.
The next king called Shah Jahan constructed a peacock throne which is another fable. It is said that the throne along represented the significant portion of this Mughal King’s wealth. On his throne, there were main slots for two main diamonds along with countless other ones. One of the main slots was carved for the Koh-i-Noor.
2.1 - The Koh-i-Noor Diamond wonder of Subcontinent reduced to its Shadow Self:
Later, it became the property of Aurangzeb Alamgir, last of the Mughal Emperor. He hired a Venetian carver to further enhance the beauty of this jewel. However, the carver was not true to his claims of craftsmanship. He ruined the piece, reducing its size and mystical glow significantly. Aurangzeb fined him of 10,000 rupees for ruining the most revered jewel. The jewel was not anymore the fabled wonder of the subcontinent.
2.2 - The Demise of the Mughal Empire:
With the decline in the glow of diamond, it seemed the Mughal Empire also started declining. Just like the diamond didn’t take lightly being given away by Kakatiya, it also didn’t like being reduced into a shadow of its former glorious self.
The Mughal Empire started being led by weak emperors. One after another, none held the rule for more than a few months or a year at maximum. When traitors started rising, it was now vulnerable to the neighboring nations, waiting for the perfect moment to pounce on their wealthy prey.
3 - Further Custody of Diamond - From Mughals to Persian Prince
It is later in the coming years that the Kohi-Noor became the property of Nader Shah, the prince of Persia. He invaded India in 1739 and took it as his loot. The Persians seized a sizeable portion of the wealth of India. In the modern world, it would be equal to 18.4 Billion Dollars.
The diamond would become the property of the Durrani family as the Persian ruler was assassinated. His general who was a Durrani now owned the diamond. The diamond has a long way of falling into different hands of successors. It also came to the attention of British Rulers. A legend was initiated which would relate the victory in the battle to ownership of this diamond.
3.1 - Lost to Sikhs:
The latest Durrani was Shah Shujah Durrani who would lose this to Sikhs. He was overthrown by his brother. He had to flee in an exile. Captured by the Punjab ruler who was a Sikh at that time, Shah Shujah finally lost this diamond. He gave it to the Sikh ruler in return for his freedom.
3.2 - Custody Fallen into British hands:
As the East India Company prevailed over the subcontinent, now this diamond became the property of Queen Victoria. To this day, the British ownership is still present over the diamond.
The diamond has been claimed by many counties. Many requests have been made to the British government to return it to the original owner. Had there been one, the request may have had some impact. However, considering the ownership claim from Iran, Afghanistan, Sikhs, and India along with Pakistan, the British declared that by reason of victory in war, the diamond is the property of the British Empire. This is because everyone won it as the spoil of war.
The origin of the diamond was from India. Considering the fact that it should be returned to its home, Southern India is the place where it should go.